SHARING, AS A CATALYST TO REORGANIZE THE MODERN SOCIETY
门胁耕三 Kozo Kadowaki
关键字：共享 现代社会 后现代社会 现代城市 日本现状
Sharing, Modern society, Post-modern society, Modern city, Japanese situations
The modern social system had been covering all over Japan until 1970s, and the modernization of the society had also rewritten the structures of spaces from the pre-modern times drastically. However, the modern society in Japan has to be restructured to deal with the de-industrialization after 1970s and the depopulation since around 2010. The modernization, which is based on the concept of systematization by dividing society, city, building and so on into several mono-functional parts and bringing them into proper coordination to operate the whole highly efficiently, is approaching a stalemate because it is a representative concept for a growth period. The "sharing" movement, which is one of the latest Japanese architectural trends, is able to be understood as a bottom-up movement to break this stalemate; an attempt to give multiple roles again to the mono-functional modules. Thus the born-again portions of this society taking multiple roles will be used by multiple bodies as a result. In that sense, the "sharing" movement represents a section of restructuring process of the modern systematic society and spaces with melting their rigid tree-like structures.