首页 - 2016年02月上JOURNAL

“共享” ——近代社会重组的催化剂

SHARING, AS A CATALYST TO REORGANIZE THE MODERN SOCIETY

门胁耕三   Kozo Kadowaki
关键字:共享 现代社会 后现代社会 现代城市 日本现状
Sharing, Modern society, Post-modern society, Modern city, Japanese situations
摘要:到了20世纪70年代,现代化的社会体系以不可小觑的势头渗透到日本社会的各个角落,日本既有的空间结构也随之发生大幅度的改变。但是之后“去工业化”的发展,以及2010年前后开始凸显的人口衰减,迫使已经历过现代化改造的社会体系面临再一次的重大变革。现代化的构成思路是先将社会和城市分割成许多单一功能的板块,再将这些板块连接在一起,使得整体宛如庞大的机械一样进行高效率运转,然而这种思路在当今社会已遇到障碍,逐渐行不通了。现今,日本的建筑界围绕着“共享(share)”潮流出现了一系列自下而上逐步渗透的举动,目的在于消除发展过程中遇到的障碍。“共享”就是为原本单一的组件赋予多样新功能的过程。现代化的社会体系和空间构造正在逐渐消解并被改造成新的结构,我们可以通过这个过程真实地捕捉到“共享”的存在。
The modern social system had been covering all over Japan until 1970s, and the modernization of the society had also rewritten the structures of spaces from the pre-modern times drastically. However, the modern society in Japan has to be restructured to deal with the de-industrialization after 1970s and the depopulation since around 2010. The modernization, which is based on the concept of systematization by dividing society, city, building and so on into several mono-functional parts and bringing them into proper coordination to operate the whole highly efficiently, is approaching a stalemate because it is a representative concept for a growth period. The "sharing" movement, which is one of the latest Japanese architectural trends, is able to be understood as a bottom-up movement to break this stalemate; an attempt to give multiple roles again to the mono-functional modules. Thus the born-again portions of this society taking multiple roles will be used by multiple bodies as a result. In that sense, the "sharing" movement represents a section of restructuring process of the modern systematic society and spaces with melting their rigid tree-like structures.