首页 - 2016年02月上JOURNAL

共享住宅 ——摆脱孤立的居住方式

SHARE HOUSE: A LIVING WAY OUT OF THE ISOLATION

篠原聪子   Satoko Shinohara
关键字:共享住宅 单身公寓 孤独死 核心家庭
Share house, One-room mansion, Solitary death, Nuclear family
摘要:近些年来,日本共享住宅的数量激增,其原因在于单身家庭的增加。“核心家庭”的常态化,加之少子化现象的愈趋严重,造成了家庭结构的变化、单身家庭的增多。20世纪70年代后期出现的厨房、浴室和卫生间都被压缩在很小空间内的单身公寓,其独立性受到了单身居住的年轻人的好评。但是从结果上讲,过于独立让人变得更加孤立。孤独死案例的增加就是佐证。在如今亲戚关系疏远、社区交流淡漠的日本社会中,虽说共享住宅普及的主要原因之一在于经济因素,但更多的是对重新建立人际关系的期待。入住者以往只是以年轻人为主的群体,现在已经扩大到了上一个年代的人群。人们已经由原来一味地追求高度私密性但孤立的居住环境改变为能重建人际关系、为社区交流沟通做贡献的居住环境了。共享住宅的存在可谓其象征。
In recent years, the number of shared house increases sharply in Japan. One of the important reasons for this is the increase in single-person households and this change in family structure is caused by the normalization of "nuclear family" together with the increasingly serious declining birthrate phenomenon. In the late 1970s, one-room mansions appeared whose kitchen, bathroom and toilet were all compressed into a quite small space. Its independence has been praised by the single young people. However, from the results, excessive independence makes people become more isolated, which is proved by the increase cases of solitary death. In today's Japanese society with distant relative relationship and apathic community exchange, the increase of shared houses results though from the economic factor as one of major reasons, but also from the expectation towards establishing interpersonal relation again. In the past, inhabitants were mainly composed of young people. Now, it has enlarged to the prior generation. Instead of pursuing isolated living condition with high privacy, people now prefer to the living condition which can rebuild interpersonal relationship and make contribution on community communication. The existence of Share house is its symbol.