SHARE HOUSE: A LIVING WAY OUT OF THE ISOLATION
篠原聪子 Satoko Shinohara
关键字：共享住宅 单身公寓 孤独死 核心家庭
Share house, One-room mansion, Solitary death, Nuclear family
In recent years, the number of shared house increases sharply in Japan. One of the important reasons for this is the increase in single-person households and this change in family structure is caused by the normalization of "nuclear family" together with the increasingly serious declining birthrate phenomenon. In the late 1970s, one-room mansions appeared whose kitchen, bathroom and toilet were all compressed into a quite small space. Its independence has been praised by the single young people. However, from the results, excessive independence makes people become more isolated, which is proved by the increase cases of solitary death. In today's Japanese society with distant relative relationship and apathic community exchange, the increase of shared houses results though from the economic factor as one of major reasons, but also from the expectation towards establishing interpersonal relation again. In the past, inhabitants were mainly composed of young people. Now, it has enlarged to the prior generation. Instead of pursuing isolated living condition with high privacy, people now prefer to the living condition which can rebuild interpersonal relationship and make contribution on community communication. The existence of Share house is its symbol.