首页 - 2017年8期建筑专刊JOURNAL

全球城市,全球河流 ——河流与城市历史关系变化及全球城市滨水区城市发展新职能

GLOBAL CITIES, GLOBAL RIVERS: THE CHANGING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RIVERS AND CITIES THROUGHOUT HISTORY AND THE NEW ROLE OF WATERFRONTS FOR THE URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF THE GLOBAL CITIES

戴丽亚 • 索特维亚  佀天畅 王芳 帕斯卡    Daria Sottovia Si Tianchang Wang Fang Pascal Hartmann
关键字:全球城市;滨水;城市更新
global cities; waterfront; urban regeneration
摘要:大量的全球城市,包括上海、伦敦、纽约,都正处于滨水河岸更新的过程中。改造再利用废弃工业旧址、码头和仓库,重建滨水步道、公共空间、绿带、公园和文化地标。滨水河岸的更新屹然已经成为当代城市发展的全球性趋势。然而,是什么推动了这一系列的发展?为何这些发展都发生于此时?为何这些滨水规划都本着类似的“还江于民”的目标和计划?本文从历史发展的角度,阐述了对这一全球发展趋势的综合见解。此议题的主要论点基于河流与城市的关系随着历史的推移不断变化,以及未来和我们相关的改变。此论文分三阶段构建了河流与城市的关系框架:前工业城市,工业城市,后工业城市。本文对每个阶段进行了详细的讨论,并举例说明了上海和其他城市的情况。通过归类比较,梳理出当代滨水区更新趋势。本文旨在基于观察和讨论,呈现一个全球城市滨水区更新重要性的逻辑框架。
 Many global cities around the world including Shanghai, London and New York, are in the process of regenerating their waterfronts. They reclaim the abandoned industrial sites, docks and warehouses, and construct river promenades, public spaces, green belts, parks and spectacular cultural landmarks. The regeneration of waterfronts is a global pattern of contemporary urban development. However, what drives this development? Why is the development taking place at this time? And why are these waterfront projects so similar in their goals of the people-oriented development? This paper elaborates comprehensive insights of this pattern from a historical perspective. The main argument of this proposition is based on the changing nature of the relationship between rivers and cities and the future changes associated with us. This paper constructs the relationships between the rivers and cities in three distinct phases: first, the pre-industrial phase, second, the industrial phase and third, the post-industrial phase. This paper discusses each phase in detail and provides illustrative examples using the context of Shanghai as well as other cities. This approach allows for contextualization of the contemporary trends in waterfront renewal. The paper is aimed to present a logical framework on the importance of waterfront renewal in the global cities based on observation and discussion.