GLOBAL CITIES, GLOBAL RIVERS: THE CHANGING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RIVERS AND CITIES THROUGHOUT HISTORY AND THE NEW ROLE OF WATERFRONTS FOR THE URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF THE GLOBAL CITIES
戴丽亚 • 索特维亚 佀天畅 王芳 帕斯卡 Daria Sottovia Si Tianchang Wang Fang Pascal Hartmann
global cities; waterfront; urban regeneration
Many global cities around the world including Shanghai, London and New York, are in the process of regenerating their waterfronts. They reclaim the abandoned industrial sites, docks and warehouses, and construct river promenades, public spaces, green belts, parks and spectacular cultural landmarks. The regeneration of waterfronts is a global pattern of contemporary urban development. However, what drives this development? Why is the development taking place at this time? And why are these waterfront projects so similar in their goals of the people-oriented development? This paper elaborates comprehensive insights of this pattern from a historical perspective. The main argument of this proposition is based on the changing nature of the relationship between rivers and cities and the future changes associated with us. This paper constructs the relationships between the rivers and cities in three distinct phases: first, the pre-industrial phase, second, the industrial phase and third, the post-industrial phase. This paper discusses each phase in detail and provides illustrative examples using the context of Shanghai as well as other cities. This approach allows for contextualization of the contemporary trends in waterfront renewal. The paper is aimed to present a logical framework on the importance of waterfront renewal in the global cities based on observation and discussion.