首页 - 2017年8期建筑专刊JOURNAL

都市内边缘滨水工业遗产更新设计策略研究 ——以费城海军码头为例

RESEARCH ON REGENERATION DESIGN STRATEGY OF WATERFRONT INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE IN URBAN INNER FRINGE:

孙淼 李振宇    Sun Miao Li Zhenyu
关键字:费城海军码头;都市内边缘区;滨水工业遗产;更新;设计策略
Philadelphia Navy Yard; urban inner fringe; waterfront industrial heritage; regeneration; design strategy
摘要:美国都市边缘滨水区紧邻内城,是近代大型工业遗产的重要聚集地,亦是20世纪90年代以来城市更新的主要对象。本文阐述都市边缘滨水区及其工业遗产的定义和特征,通过回顾费城海军码头的历史变迁和更新之路,分析其作为都市边缘滨水工业区在更新中具备的优势和面临的挑战。重点研究更新的5点设计策略:一是有限混合的定位;二是场景再现的保护;三是功能优先的改造;四是可持续的创新;五是留存记忆的景观,以期为我国都市边缘滨水工业遗产更新提供参考和借鉴价值。
The American waterfront districts of urban inner fringe are closed to the downtown, play as a significant gather place of modern large-scale industrial heritage, and are the main target of urban regeneration since 1990s. This paper explains the definition and character of waterfront district in urban inner fringe and its industrial heritage, makes a review of historic development and regeneration of Philadelphia Navy Yard, and analyzes its advantages and challenges during regeneration as waterfront district in urban inner fringe. Five design strategies would be emphasized: (1)Limited blend of orientation; (2)Scene reconstruction of protection; (3)Economy priority of transformation; (4)Sustainable innovation; (5)Memory preservation of landscape, and in order to provide experience for regeneration of Chinese waterfront districts in urban inner fringe.